Emulating Anyonic Fractional Statistical Behavior in a Superconducting Quantum Circuit
Anyons are exotic quasiparticles obeying fractional statistics, whose behavior can be emulated in artificially designed spin systems. Here we present an experimental emulation of creating anyonic excitations in a superconducting circuit that consists of four qubits, achieved by dynamically generating the ground and excited states of the toric code model, i.e., four-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states. The anyonic braiding is implemented via single-qubit rotations: a phase shift of π related to braiding, the hallmark of Abelian 1 /2 anyons, has been observed through a Ramsey-type interference measurement.
Physical Review Letters 117, Issue 11, id.110501