Each graduate student, after his/her first semester, will deliver at least one oral presentation per semester related to physics or astronomy. The talk should be at least 20 minutes long. For students not yet associated with a research group, the Graduate Seminar can serve as a venue for these talks. For more advanced students, the seminar of their research group would be a natural venue. The student does not need to be enrolled in the seminar to present a talk for this purpose. When giving presentations, students should fill out the Oral Presentation Form and have it signed by two attendees, one of whom must be a KU Physics or Astronomy faculty member and the other of whom must be a Ph.D. doing research in the department. Faculty members who sign off on the talks are expected to provide constructive feedback to the student. Off-campus venues such as collaboration meetings (when endorsed by their advisor), invited presentations, and conferences can also satisfy this requirement. For this to occur, the student must submit a copy of the agenda or speaking event with the student's presentation indicated. In this case no attendee signatures are required and the 20 minute time limit does not apply. The completed form or evidence of the off-campus presentation must be handed to the office staff. The graduate advisor will monitor student compliance with the requirement.